Surgery is generally divided into soft tissue surgeries and orthopedic surgeries. Orthopedic surgeries focus on bones, tendons, and joints (e.g. fracture repair), while soft tissue surgeries encompass abdomen, thorax and skin (e.g. wound repair).
The most common surgeries performed in a veterinary hospital are elective soft tissue surgeries such as spays and neuters.
Veterinary surgery has undergone a tremendous revolution. With recent advances in equipment and instrumentation, anesthesia and pain management, veterinarians are now able to offer exciting and safer surgical treatment options.
Pre-Anesthetic Blood Work
It is important that you know that for any anesthetic procedure, pre-anesthetic blood work is usually run on patients. Such blood testing is performed to check the kidneys, the liver, blood sugar and protein levels. As well, red and white blood cell information is determined.
All of the blood work parameters allow us to minimize the risks to your pet that can be associated with anesthesia. More extensive blood testing is performed in our more senior patients for this same reason of safety.
Intravenous fluids may be administered during anesthesia. Many drugs used for general anesthesia tend to cause decreases in blood pressure. Intravenous fluids combat this decrease. In addition, if there are any unforeseen adverse reactions under anesthesia, an intravenous catheter allows immediate intravenous administration of potentially life saving medications.